Exercising with diabetes
Living with Diabetes Mellitus can be a challenge. I know many family members and friends that are affected by diabetes. There are two forms of Diabetes. Type 1 is insulin dependent (juvenile onset) and Type 2 non-insulin dependent (maturity onset diabetes). Type 2 is a common result of obesity. Fortunately, type 2 diabetes can be treated with a good diet and exercise. Emphases on the exercise part.
The following are some guidelines for exercising with diabetes:
- Always exercise with a partner, in case of emergency.
- Know the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia so that you are prepared.
- Avoid exercise during periods of peak insulin activity.
- Eat carbohydrate foods before and during long exercise bouts.
- Inject insulin in an area that is not active during exercise.
- Monitor blood glucose frequently.
- Decrease the insulin dosage or increase the carbohydrate intake prior to an exercise bout.
- 10-15 grams of carbohydrate per one half hour of exercise.
- Wear proper shoes and socks.
- Avoid exercising in extreme heat if taking diuretics.
- Some beta-blocking medications may be unable to experience hypoglycemic symptoms and/or angina.
- Diabetics can participate in the same type of exercises as the general public.
- Obese populations should focus on non-weight bearing activities to avoid orthopedic foot problems.
- DAILY exercise is important in type 1 diabetes. 5 -7 days a week is the window to hit for type 2.
- For type 1 diabetes 20-30 minutes of daily exercise at a regular heart range is recommended.
- Type 2 diabetes 40-60 minutes of exercise is recommended. The intensity being a little less because of the frequency of exercise.
- When exercising at higher intensities, there is a greater risk of hypoglycemia. Monitor blood glucose closely after exercising.
Are you a diabetic or know someone who is? Do you have any other workout tips? Comment below.