Exercise and Diabetes

Exercising with diabetes


Living with Diabetes Mellitus can be a challenge. I know many family members and friends that are affected by diabetes. There are two forms of Diabetes. Type 1 is insulin dependent (juvenile onset) and Type 2 non-insulin dependent (maturity onset diabetes).  Type 2 is a common result of obesity. Fortunately, type 2 diabetes can be treated with a good diet and exercise. Emphases on the exercise part.


The following are some guidelines for exercising with diabetes:

  • Always exercise with a partner, in case of emergency.
  • Know the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia so that you are prepared.
  • Avoid exercise during periods of peak insulin activity.
  • Eat carbohydrate foods before and during long exercise bouts.
  • Inject insulin in an area that is not active during exercise.
  • Monitor blood glucose frequently.
  • Decrease the insulin dosage or increase the carbohydrate intake prior to an exercise bout.
  • 10-15 grams of carbohydrate per one half hour of exercise.
  • Wear proper shoes and socks.
  • Avoid exercising in extreme heat if taking diuretics.
  • Some beta-blocking medications may be unable to experience hypoglycemic symptoms and/or angina.
  • Diabetics can participate in the same type of exercises as the general public.
  • Obese populations should focus on non-weight bearing activities to avoid orthopedic foot problems.
  • DAILY exercise is important in type 1 diabetes. 5 -7 days a week is the window to hit for type 2.
  • For type 1 diabetes 20-30 minutes of daily exercise at a regular heart range is recommended.
  • Type 2 diabetes 40-60 minutes of exercise is recommended. The intensity being a little less because of the frequency of exercise.
  • When exercising at higher intensities, there is a greater risk of hypoglycemia. Monitor blood glucose closely after exercising.


Are you a diabetic or know someone who is? Do you have any other workout tips? Comment below.


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